12 Java Frameworks to Use in 2023

Balazs Refi

May 27, 2023

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Java frameworks to build powerful and modern Java applications in 2023, including Spring, Hibernate, Vaadin and more!


I have put together a list of the most common Java frameworks for you. I hope this description is short, clear, and gives you enough information to be very useful to you.

I've also added links to this blog post that lead to specific Java framework interview questions and answers. If you want to hire new Java programmers for your project, you might need them.

At the end of the blog post, you can find more information that can help you to get Java developers.

The Popularity of Java

The popularity of Java among other programming languages is shown by the TIOBE index, which is a trusted indicator of the popularity of programming languages. As you can see, Java is decreasing year after year.

Popularity of Java - Tiobe Index - Bluebird Blog

Popular Java Frameworks

Java Framework

Main area of use

Main strength

Brief Description

Best Features

Java Frameworks - Spring

Enterprise Apps

Dependency Injection

Spring is a Java framework to build enterprise applications. It has tools for dependency injection and more.

Robustness, modularity, integration with other frameworks, support for various data access technologies, excellent documentation

Java Frameworks - Struts

Web Development

MVC Architecture

Struts is a popular Java framework for developing web applications based on the MVC architecture.

Easy integration, strong community support, built-in validation, and data binding, extensible and customizable

Java Frameworks - Hibernate

Data Persistence

Object-Relational Mapping (ORM)

Hibernate is a widely-used Java framework for mapping Java objects to relational databases, simplifying data persistence operations.

Transparent persistence, lazy loading, caching, querying capabilities, database portability

Java Frameworks - Apache Wicket

Web Development


Apache Wicket is a component-based Java framework that focuses on simplicity and reusability of UI components.

Declarative UI programming, easy testing, support for AJAX and event-driven programming, excellent documentation

Java Frameworks - Play

Web Development


Play is a high-productivity Java framework designed for building scalable and fast web applications.

Hot-reloading, stateless architecture, support for reactive programming, integrated testing framework, built-in security

Java Framework - Vaadin

Web Development

Rich UI Components

Vaadin is a Java framework for building modern web applications with a rich user interface using reusable UI components.

Drag-and-drop UI building, automatic client-server communication, built-in data binding, theming and customization

Framework - Spark

Web Development


Spark is a lightweight Java framework. It focuses on simplicity and speed, allowing developers to build RESTful services.

Minimal configuration, embedded server, easy testing, fast execution, integration with other Java frameworks

Java Framework - Dropwizard

Web Development

Easy Configuration

Dropwizard is a framework for building production-ready web services. It is emphasizing simplicity and easy configuration.

Opinionated yet flexible, seamless integration of different components, built-in metrics and health checks, easy monitoring

Java Framework - JHipster

Web Development


JHipster is a full-stack Java framework that combines Spring Boot, Angular, and other technologies for rapid application development.

Code generation, integrated security, microservices architecture, developer-friendly tooling, support for modern front-end frameworks

Framework - Camel


Enterprise Integration

Camel is a powerful integration Java framework for routing and mediation rules, enabling seamless integration between various systems.

Extensive integration capabilities, support for numerous protocols and data formats, flexible routing and transformation rules

Java Framework - Jersey

Web Services

RESTful Services

Jersey is a popular Java framework for building RESTful web services in Java, providing an implementation of the JAX-RS specification.

Simple API design, easy resource mapping, support for content negotiation, client and server-side capabilities

Framework - Grails

Web Development

Rapid Development

Grails is a dynamic Groovy-based framework that leverages the power of Spring Boot, providing a simplified and rapid development experience.

Convention-over-configuration, seamless integration with Spring ecosystem, built-in support for ORM and testing, extensive plugin ecosystem

Specific Java Framework Interview Questions And Answers

If you Need Java Developers

If you need Java developers for your project, don't hesitate. Contact us and we will help you with our remote Java developers. Specify your requirements, define which Java framework knowledge is necessary and you will get senior Java developers within 3-10 working days.

Pay only for approved engineering days, at the previously agreed daily rate, and work with our colleagues in US/EU timezone.

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